In interview, New Delhi’s premier admits labor laws, purchase agreements continue to hamper development.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has defended his record of reforming India’s stuttering economy after two years in power, but conceded that his rightwing government faced “an enormous task ahead.”
In an interview with The Wall Street Journal published Thursday, his second anniversary in office, Modi said he had set a path for faster growth, including opening up the economy to foreign investment and curbing corruption. But Modi also said he needed India’s 29 states to take up the challenge of reforming land purchasing and rigid labor laws, which businesses have long complained hamper manufacturing and development.
“I have actually undertaken the maximum reforms,” Modi said. But, he added, “I have an enormous task ahead for myself.”
The Hindu nationalist premier swept to power at elections in May 2014 with the biggest mandate in 30 years, promising to reform and revive the struggling economy. Growth has since risen to 7.60 percent in the year ending March, sky-high inflation has dropped, the budget deficit has narrowed and foreign direct investment has soared.
But some investors are disappointed with a lack of “big bang” fundamental reforms to overhaul the economy that would further help pull tens of millions of Indians out of poverty. Investors were left deflated after Modi’s government failed to push a bill through India’s gridlocked parliament to make it easier to buy land for infrastructure and other development.
“When I came to the government, I used to sit down with all the experts and ask them to define for me what is the ‘big bang’ for them,” Modi said. “Nobody could tell me.”
Modi, who has formed a close relationship with U.S. President Barack Obama, is set to address a joint meeting of the U.S. Congress next month during a trip to Washington. Modi said the invitation “is a matter of pride for me” adding that it was an “opportunity for me to address the American people.”
Although ties between New Delhi and Washington have strengthened, Modi played down any friction with rival China, pointing to increasing trade and diplomatic exchanges between Beijing and India.