Mark Esper notes U.S. policy directions completely different for both war-torn states
Afghans should not misconstrue America’s sudden and contentious withdrawal from parts of Syria as a precursor to a similar move in Afghanistan, U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said on Monday.
The Pentagon chief also hinted that some sort of residual U.S. force might remain in Syria to protect oil fields, but stressed no decision had been taken.
The U.S. last week announced the withdrawal of 1,000 American troops from northeast Syria, days after Turkey launched an offensive against the previously U.S.-backed Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), which Ankara considers a terrorist group. The move provoked outrage from observers and even members of President Donald Trump’s Republican Party, who saw the sudden withdrawal as a betrayal of the same Kurdish fighters the U.S. had been training and arming for years to fight Islamic State jihadists in Syria.
Speaking at NATO’s Resolute Support mission headquarters in Kabul, Esper said America maintains a “longstanding commitment” to Afghanistan, which it invaded in 2001 to oust the Taliban, and noted U.S. policy direction for the country is completely different.
“All these things should reassure our Afghan allies and others that they should not misinterpret our actions in the recent week or so with regard to Syria and contrast that with Afghanistan,” he said. Underscoring America’s will to stay in Afghanistan, Esper said, was that it still faces a “virulent terrorist threat that originated in the form of Al Qaeda and now finds itself in the Taliban and ISIS-K and other groups.” ISIS-K is the abbreviation for the Afghan Islamic State affiliate.
The U.S. and the Taliban were last month on the brink of signing a deal that would have seen some American forces begin to withdraw from Afghanistan in return for various insurgent security commitments. But negotiations collapsed at the last minute when Trump declared talks “dead” following Taliban attacks including one that killed a U.S. soldier.
On Syria, Esper said the withdrawal of U.S. forces would take “weeks not days,” and raised the possibility that some troops would stay for now in towns near oil fields as a way of preventing I.S. and other groups seizing them. “We have troops in towns in northeast Syria that are located next to the oil fields. The troops in those towns are not in the present phase of withdrawal,” Esper said. “I’ve made no decision with regard to various options. Those are things that we would have to present to the president in due course.”
General Scott Miller, who leads U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan, said over the past year the U.S. has reduced its military footprint across the war-torn country by about 2,000 troops. “As we work in Afghanistan with our partners, we are always looking to optimize the force,” Miller said, speaking at the same press conference as Esper. “Unbeknownst to the public, as part of our optimization over the last year we have reduced our authorized strength by 2,000 here.”
That force reduction is unrelated to any prospective deal with the Taliban.
U.S. Forces-Afghanistan spokesman Colonel Sonny Leggett said the U.S. now has around 13,000 troops in the country. Zalmay Khalilzad, the U.S. special envoy leading negotiations, has spoken informally with Taliban officials in Pakistan, raising the possibility that Washington is seeking to resume talks, and Esper has said he supports a political agreement.