President Barack Obama has promised a full investigation into an apparent U.S. airstrike on an Afghan hospital that killed 19 people, a bombing which the U.N. said could amount to a war crime.
Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said patients burned to death in their beds during a raid that continued for more than an hour early Saturday, even after U.S. and Afghan authorities were informed the hospital had been hit. “Twelve staff members and at least seven patients, including three children, were killed; 37 people were injured,” the charity said. “This attack is abhorrent and a grave violation of international law.”
The air raid came days after Taliban fighters seized control of the strategic northern city of Kunduz, in their most spectacular victory since being toppled from power by a U.S.-led coalition in 2001. Afghan forces, backed up by their NATO allies, claimed to have wrestled back control of the city.
But the defense ministry in Kabul said “a group of armed terrorists… were using the hospital building as a position to target Afghan forces and civilians.” MSF has denied any combatants were in the hospital.
The charity said that despite frantic calls to military officials in Kabul and Washington, the main building housing the intensive care unit and emergency rooms was “repeatedly, very precisely” hit almost every 15 minutes for more than an hour.
“The bombs hit and then we heard the plane circle round,” said Heman Nagarathnam, MSF’s head of programs in northern Afghanistan. “There was a pause, and then more bombs hit. This happened again and again. When I made it out from the office, the main hospital building was engulfed in flames. Those people that could moved quickly to the building’s two bunkers to seek safety. But patients who were unable to escape burned to death as they lay in their beds.”
U.S. President Obama offered his “deepest condolences” for what he called a “tragic incident.”
“The Department of Defense has launched a full investigation, and we will await the results of that inquiry before making a definitive judgment as to the circumstances of this tragedy,” Obama said in a statement.
NATO earlier conceded U.S. forces might have been behind the bombing, after its forces launched a strike which they said was intended to target militants. “The strike may have resulted in collateral damage to a nearby medical facility. This incident is under investigation,” a statement said.
The incident has renewed concerns about the use of U.S. airstrikes in Afghanistan, a deeply contentious issue in the 14-year campaign against Taliban insurgents. U.N. rights chief Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein called for a full and transparent probe, noting: “an airstrike on a hospital may amount to a war crime.”
“This event is utterly tragic, inexcusable and possibly even criminal,” he said.
MSF said some 105 patients and their caregivers, as well as more than 80 international and local MSF staff, were in the hospital, the only one in the area that can deal with major injuries, at the time. The charity said Afghan and coalition forces were fully aware of the exact location of the hospital, having been given GPS coordinates of a facility it said had been providing care for four years.
“We demand total transparency from coalition forces. We cannot accept that this horrific loss of life will simply be dismissed as ‘collateral damage’,” said MSF president Meinie Nicolai.
MSF said its hospital, a key medical lifeline in northern Afghanistan, is not functional any more and all critical patients have been referred to other facilities. “I can’t confirm whether our Kunduz trauma center will re-open, or not, at this stage,” a spokeswoman for the charity said.
The development comes as Kunduz grapples with a humanitarian crisis, with thousands of civilians caught in the crossfire between government forces and insurgents. At least 60 people are known to have died and 400 to have been wounded in recent fighting. The Taliban seized on the incident, saying “barbaric American forces… carried out deliberate airstrikes on a civilian hospital.”
In a statement it denied any of its fighters were being treated at the MSF clinic “because the prevailing military situation of Kunduz would not allow us to admit our patients to the said hospital.”
The Islamists’ offensive in Kunduz marks a major blow for Afghanistan’s Western-trained forces. U.S.-led NATO forces ended their combat mission in Afghanistan last December, though a 13,000-strong force remains for training and counter-terrorism operations.