Movement for Solidarity and Peace alleges that an estimated 100-700 Christian girls and at least 300 Hindu girls are forcibly converted to Islam each year.
Pakistan needs to overhaul laws to ban forced conversions, which are leading to rape or other abuse against hundreds of non-Muslim girls each year, an advocacy group said Wednesday.
The Movement for Solidarity and Peace, which campaigns against religious violence in Pakistan, said that forced conversions generally involve the abductions of girls or young women who are then converted to Islam and married. The girls are often raped or beaten and, when the family complains to police, the abductor responds that the girl has willingly converted, the group said in a report.
While exact figures are unverifiable, an estimated 100 to 700 Christian girls and at least 300 Hindu girls undergo such conversions in the overwhelmingly Muslim nation each year, the group claimed. “These trends threaten religious freedom and public safety for all people in Pakistan,” the group’s director of advocacy, Amber Jamil, told a briefing at the U.S. Congress.
The group called for Pakistan’s judiciary to provide a legal definition for forced conversions in the penal code. While abductors would violate multiple laws, Pakistan generally considers non-Muslim marriages invalid if one spouse later converts to Islam, the study said.
The group also called for more funding for the government to enforce laws and for a study to look more closely at the frequency of forced conversions across Pakistan. Pakistan has been torn by religious violence in recent years. Human Rights Watch said that 400 Shia Muslims were killed in targeted attack across Pakistan in 2013.
A leader of the Pakistani Christian community, Peter Jacob, told the briefing that international pressure could help persuade Islamabad to do more to protect religious minorities. Jacob voiced alarm about a rise in violence despite reforms at the official level, including the abolition of separate electorates for religious minorities.
“It seems that violence has become self-generating,” he said. “In a kind of economy that has investment in violence, in hatred and in religious intolerance, these elements continue to grow beyond [what the] state can control,” he said.