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U.S. Urged to Punish Saudi Arabia Over Shia Executions

by AFP

Paul J. Richards—AFP

Commission on International Religious Freedom says State Department ‘must stop giving a free pass’ to Gulf kingdom

The U.S. government commission on religious freedom on Friday urged action against ally Saudi Arabia after its mass execution of 37 people, most of them Shia Muslims.

The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, whose members are appointed by the president and lawmakers across party lines but whose role is advisory, said the State Department “must stop giving a free pass” to Saudi Arabia.

The State Department, in a congressionally mandated annual report, classifies Saudi Arabia among its “countries of particular concern” for violations of religious freedom, which would normally require the United States to take punitive actions such as imposing economic sanctions. But successive secretaries of state have each year issued waivers on punishing Saudi Arabia, citing national security interests.

“The Saudi government’s execution of minority Shia Muslims on the basis of their religious identity and peaceful activism is not only shocking, but also directly contradicts the government’s official narrative of working toward greater modernization and improving religious freedom conditions,” the commission’s chair, Tenzin Dorjee, said in a statement as the commission urged an end to the waivers.

Saudi Arabia practices a puritanical Wahabi ideology, with the latest State Department report on religious freedom pointing to a “pattern of societal prejudice and discrimination” against the Shia minority and a ban on the practice of any faith besides Islam.

Human rights groups say that nearly all of the Saudi citizens beheaded on Tuesday were Shia, with one crucified after death.

The U.N. human rights chief said that at least three were minors when charged.

President Donald Trump has vowed to preserve a close relationship with Saudi Arabia, pointing to its major purchases of U.S. weapons, its giant oil exports and its hostility toward U.S. rival Iran. Trump has not commented on the executions, although the State Department said it urged “Saudi Arabia and all governments” to respect freedom of religion.

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