Attended by Pakistan, India, Russia and Iran, the two-day moot will focus on trade, investment and development cooperation
China opens Saturday a two-day regional security summit attended by Russia, Iran and other allies confronting rising tensions with the U.S. over trade and Washington’s withdrawal from the Iranian nuclear deal.
Armored vans lined the streets of the coastal city of Qingdao as world leaders arrived Friday for the 18th annual summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), a regional security bloc led by China and Russia. Its member states also include four ex-Soviet Central Asian republics, Pakistan and India. Iran is an observer member.
Authorities emptied an entire ocean side swathe of the city—clearing out shopkeepers, residents and day-trippers to make way for Chinese President Xi Jinping, his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin and Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani. Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will also attend the meeting.
The SCO meeting comes after President Donald Trump controversially pulled Washington out of the 2015 international pact with Iran that placed limits on its nuclear program in return for easing economic sanctions. Though not officially on the agenda, analysts say that one key topic of discussion this year may focus on whether Iran will be allowed to ascend from its position as an SCO observer to become a full member state—a development it has sought since 2008 but has been unable to achieve while subject to U.N. sanctions.
The 2015 nuclear deal lifted that barrier.
Now in the wake of the U.S. withdrawal from the pact, “SCO members may use granting full membership to Iran as a way to demonstrate support for [Tehran] and the nuclear agreement,” said Dawn Murphy, professor of international security studies at the U.S. Air War College.
The tensions over Iran come as another nuclear issue dominates headlines, with Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un preparing for an unprecedented summit in Singapore.
Trade, investment and development cooperation issues will also feature prominently at the SCO, Murphy said, given the climate of “rising anti-globalization and strains on global multilateral economic institutions,” stoked by Trump’s nationalist “America First” policy.
SCO nations may discuss the potential of a joint free trade area, she said, as China also pushes for participation in its Belt and Road global infrastructure project. “Member states of the SCO are key to the success of the Belt and Road initiative and China’s growing influence as a Eurasian power,” said Murphy.
China may, however, be hindered from gaining robust support for its project at this summit due to India, the only SCO member that does not endorse it, she noted.
Regional security issues will also feature, because terrorism is the most severe security challenge facing the SCO, according to Liao Jinrong, head of the Chinese ministry of public security’s international cooperation department. “No matter what country has terrorists, we must strengthen our regional cooperation and not allow them to affect regional security,” he told a press conference on Friday, adding that the SCO bloc had stopped “hundreds” of terrorist acts.
The summit will boost cooperation on combating terrorism, drug trafficking, organized cross-border crimes and cyber-security, he said.